The Kinta River divides the historic center of Ipoh into two parts: Old Town and New Town. The history of Ipoh begins with the Old Town during the tin rush. “During the era of the Malay Rajas, Ipoh was only a small village. When the British colonial government ruled Perak, that is around 1877, Ipoh was transformed into a town and came in droves, especially the Chinese who came to seek their fortune so many Chinese subjects came here from Penang.”

“Dato Panglima Kinta Che Muhamad Yusop bin Dato’ Panglima Kinta Lassam built shophouses, while Raja Ringgit Dato‘ Laksamana Che Hussain bin Dato’ Besar was ready to finance those he trusted to build the shops in Ipoh. The Chinese towkays who ran gambling and opium farms also built shophouses and through such agents, Ipoh grew and grew.” – A. Talib bin Haji Ahmad, Riwayat Kinta, 1959.

The tin rush picked up in 1884, causing the town to swell. In 1886, Dato‘ Panglima Kinta himself laid out the town with “broad, straight streets”, most likely beginning around Panglima Street. Between 1905 and 1914, Yau Tet Shin expanded the town across the Kinta River. By 1908, he had built 216 houses in this “New Town” of Ipoh, including a theater and food market. Ipoh’s geographic location in the rich tin-bearing valley of the Kinta River made it a natural center of economic growth.

Throughout the 1920’s and 1930’s the town continued to grow rapidly, largely as a result of tin mining and rubber production in the surrounding region. Ipoh was invaded by the Japanese on 15 December 1941. During the Japanese Occupation, Ipoh was made the capital of Perak, in place of Taiping. After liberation in 1945, Ipoh remained the capital of Perak. Ipoh gained Municipal status on 31 May 1962 and was granted City status on 27 May 1988.

The name Ipoh is derived from a local tree, “pohon epu”, now more commonly known as Pokok Ipoh. The sap of this plant is poisonous and was used by local indigenous people mixed with Strychnos latex to coat the tips of their blowpipe darts for hunting. In recent years, Ipoh’s popularity as an international tourist destination has been significantly boosted by efforts to conserve its British colonial-era architecture. The city is also well known for its cuisine and natural attractions, such as its limestone hills and caves within which Buddhist temples were built. In addition, Ipoh has managed to maintain its reputation as one of the cleanest cities in Malaysia and Asia in general.

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